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Key Findings The fiscal responses to the COVID-19 pandemic will require policymakers to consider what revenue resources should be used to fill budget gaps. Tax policy experts have proposed wealth taxes, (global) corporate minimum taxes, excess profits taxes, and digital taxes as opportunities for governments to raise new revenues. Instead of designing novel taxes, however,
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Early property taxes, which were first implemented in feudal times, were levied primarily against land. Hence, property tax was paid mostly by those that worked as farmers. In modern times, property tax is also levied against assets like real estate. The tax is paid on a recurrent basis on property owned by individuals or legal
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Inheritance tax dates back to the Roman Empire, which collected 5 percent of inherited property in order to pay soldiers’ pensions. Today, the practice is widespread. The majority of European countries covered in today’s map currently levy estate, inheritance, or gift taxes. These countries are Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
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The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) recently published a report on tax revenue statistics in selected Asian and Pacific countries, covering 21 tax jurisdictions. The report provides tax revenue data from 1990 to 2018 and includes a section on nontax revenue data for selected Asian and Pacific economies. Additionally, a special feature co-authored by the
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Last week, Austria’s Finance Minister Gernot Bluemel stated that Austria is looking at introducing a tax allowance for corporate equity—or sometimes also referred to as notional interest deduction—as early as next year. Such an allowance would allow businesses to deduct a defined rate of interest on equity from their tax base—a measure that intends to
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All European Union (EU) countries levy excise duties on distilled alcohol; excise tax is applied to the cost of goods on purchase. The standard size of a liquor bottle in the EU is 700ml (23.7 oz). Many spirits, such as vodka, gin, rum, and whiskey, contain alcohol content in the range of 40 percent. The
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Yesterday, the European Council agreed on a new multiannual budget and a recovery program. The Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) which sets EU budget levels for 2021-2027 totals €1 trillion (US $1.2 trillion). The Next Generation EU (NGEU) recovery package is €750 billion ($840) and is 52 percent grants and 48 percent loans. The NGEU funds
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Key Findings Taxpayers reported about $11 trillion of total income on their 2017 tax returns. About 68.8 percent ($7.5 trillion) of total income reported on Form 1040 consisted of wages and salaries, and about 82.5 percent of all tax filers reported earning wage income. Retirement accounts (such as 401(k)s and Individual Retirement Accounts, or IRAs)
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Since Pedro Sanchez first became Spain’s Prime Minister in 2018 and, now, in conjunction with the left-wing coalition party, Unidas Podemos, he has been working to overhaul the Spanish tax system. The main measures to increase revenue entailed higher taxes for businesses and high-income earners. In the face of the economic shock delivered by the
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To ensure the functioning of its internal market, the EU sets a minimum excise duty on cigarettes. It consists of a specific component and an ad valorem component, resulting in a minimum overall excise duty of €1.80 (US $2.02) per 20-cigarette pack and 60 percent of an EU country’s weighted average retail selling price (certain exceptions
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In response to COVID-19, Hungary has implemented tax relief measures as well as additional tax in some sectors in order to make up revenues. Some tax relief measures have been targeted at “vulnerable” sectors, which include hospitality, entertainment, sports, and media. From July 1, employers in these sectors had social security contributions reduced by 2
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Key Findings Connecticut’s property tax burdens are rising rapidly, with the state’s effective property tax rates on owner-occupied housing now among the highest in the country at 1.7 percent of housing value. Property tax burdens in Connecticut continue to increase even as property values decline, whereas other states—including neighboring Massachusetts and New York—have managed to
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Last week, former Vice President and presumptive Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden released a set of economic proposals aimed at increasing investment in research & development (R&D) and “breakthrough” technology in energy. Biden should include canceling the upcoming amortization of R&D expenses in 2022, which would pair well with his plan and remove a headwind
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To facilitate and foster cross-border trade and to prevent significant competitive distortions, the European Union requires EU countries to levy a minimum excise duty of €0.36 per liter (US $1.53 per gallon) on gas. As today’s map shows, only Bulgaria sticks to the minimum rate, while all other EU countries opt to levy higher excise
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Today the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) announced new tariffs in response to the French digital services tax. The tariffs of 25 percent on $1.3 billion worth of trade would not go into effect until January 6, 2021. The tariffs would apply to several make-up products, handbags, and assorted soaps. In January, the U.S. and France
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